Saturday, June 24, 2017

Ste. Marie-de-Ré Communal Cemetery

1. Commonwealth War Graves Plot
Sainte Marie-
de-Ré Communal Cemetery
Île de Ré, Charente-Maritime, France 
[C.W.G. C. photograph]
2. Graves of three British soldiers of WW2
Sainte Marie-de-
Ré Communal Cemetery
[Jacques Lefebvre-Linetsky photograph
]
3. Graves of two British soldiers lost at sea
(Left): Pte Cyril George Worrall, RAOC
(Right): Pte William Sullivan, Pioneer Corps

[Jacques Lefebvre-Linetsky photograph]
_______________________________
The War Graves at Ste. Marie-de-Ré Communal Cemetery

Sainte Marie-de-Ré is a small commune on the southern coast of the Île de Ré, an island off the French Atlantic coast. Although far from the main battlefields of the Second World War, nevertheless the communal cemetery of the district is the final resting place of five British and Commonwealth soldiers and two airmen. Their graves are maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission [Photograph No. 1]. Photographs No. 2 and 3 were taken by Jacques Lefebvre-Linetsky during a visit to the Île de Ré in June 2017. Initial research for this article at the Île de Ré was by Cathie Fidler.

For further information click on 'Comments' below.
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10 Comments:

Blogger ritsonvaljos said...

The sinking of RMS Lancastria, 17 June 1940

The five British soldiers in this cemetery, one of whom was unidentified, were lost at sea when the RMS Lancastria was sunk by German bombers on 17 June 1940. Before the Second World War the Lancastria had been a Cunard liner but was requisitioned for the war effort by the British Government.

On 17 June 1940 Lancastria was evacuating the remnants of the British Expeditionary Force (B.E.F.) and some civilians from Saint-Nazaire. About twenty minutes after disembarkation, she was bombed by German aircraft and sunk. Exactly how many lost their lives remains unknown to this day but it is believed to be more than 4000 and is regarded as the worst maritime disaster in British history. Some of the bodies of those lost were washed ashore including the five soldiers buried at Sainte Marie-de-Ré.

With the sinking of the Lancastria coming at the same time as the fall of France and with the Battle of Britain about to begin, news of the catastrophe was suppressed by none other than the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. In fact on the following day, 18 June 1940, that Winston Churchill made his "Finest Hour" speech and General Charles de Gaulle his 'Appel du 18 juin', two defining moments in the history of the war. The fate of the Lancastria and the many thousands that died remains largely forgotten to this day.

To read a BBC news article from the time of the 75th anniversary of the loss of the Lancastria, click on the following link:
Lancastria: The forgotten tragedy of World War Two
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Saturday, 24 June, 2017  
Blogger ritsonvaljos said...

The loss of X3946 KO-Q (115 Squadron)

At 18:00 h on 16 October 1942 a Wellington Mk III, X3946 KO-Q with a crew of five and piloted by New Zealander Sergeant (Pilot) Douglas Huntly Gordon, took off from RAF Mildenhall, Suffolk. Its mission was to undertake minelaying operations off the western coast of France as part of the war against the U-Boat menace in the Battle of the Atlantic.

The aircraft failed to return and all the crew were lost. The bodies of three of the five aircrew were later identified and laid to rest in cemeteries on Île de Ré. New Zealander Sergeant (Pilot) Douglas Gordon is buried in Le-Bois-Plage-en-Ré Communal Cemetery. Sergeant David Buchanan (Navigator) and Sergeant Cyril George Parr (Wireless Operator / Air Gunner) are buried in a joint grave in the CWGC plot at Sainte Marie-de-Ré.

No positive identification of the two remaining aircrew was ever found and so they are they commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial in Surrey. Their names were Sergeant Cyril Robert Stoward and Sergeant Edwin Thomas Port of Fulham, London.
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Saturday, 24 June, 2017  
Blogger ritsonvaljos said...

C.W.G.C. commemorations
(Ste. Marie-de-Ré Communal Cemetery)

These are the Commonwealth War Graves Commission commemorations for the British and Commonwealth casualties buried at Ste. Marie-de-Ré Communal Cemetery, France:

(Grave 1) Sergeant John BLAIN
Name: BLAIN, JOHN
Rank: Serjeant
Service No: 2976833
Date of Death: 17/06/1940
Regiment/Service: Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 6th Bn.
Grave Reference: Grave 1.
Cemetery:STE. MARIE-DE-RE COMMUNAL CEMETERY, ILE DE RE
.........

(Grave 2) Private Cyril George WORRALL
Name: WORRALL, CYRIL GEORGE
Rank: Private
Service No: 7624405
Date of Death: 17/06/1940
Age: 23
Regiment/Service: Royal Army Ordnance Corps, 2 Ordnance Workshop Coy.
Grave Reference: Grave 2.
Cemetery:STE. MARIE-DE-RE COMMUNAL CEMETERY, ILE DE RE
Additional Information:
Son of Meshak and Mary Elizabeth Worrall, of Stanley, Derbyshire.
.................

(Grave 3): Unknown British soldier
Date of Death: 17/06/1940
................

(Grave 4): Sergeant Leonard William DYAS
Name: DYAS, LEONARD WILLIAM
Rank: Serjeant
Service No: T/33717
Date of Death: 17/06/1940
Age: 33
Regiment/Service:Royal Army Service Corps
Grave Reference: Grave 4.
Cemetery:STE. MARIE-DE-RE COMMUNAL CEMETERY, ILE DE RE
Additional Information:
Son of William Francis and Edith Annie Elliott Dyas, of Aldershot, Hampshire.
................

(Joint Grave 5): Sergeant David BUCHANAN
and Sergeant Cyril George PARR
[Both died on 16 October 1942]

Name: BUCHANAN, DAVID
Rank: Sergeant
Trade: Navigator
Service No: 1375544
Date of Death: 16/10/1942
Regiment/Service: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 115 Sqdn.
Grave Reference: Joint grave 5.
Cemetery:STE. MARIE-DE-RE COMMUNAL CEMETERY, ILE DE RE
............
Name: PARR, CYRIL GEORGE
Rank: Sergeant
Trade: Wireless Op./Air Gunner
Service No: 1189810
Date of Death: 16/10/1942
Age: 29
Regiment/Service: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 115 Sqdn.
Grave Reference: Joint grave 5.
Cemetery: STE. MARIE-DE-RE COMMUNAL CEMETERY, ILE DE RE Additional Information:
Son of George Thomas Parr and Eveline Parr;
Husband of Gwyneth M. Parr, of Gravesend, Kent.
Headstone epitaph:
"At the going down
Of the sun
And in the morning
We will remember him".
........................

(Grave 6): Private William SULLIVAN
Name: SULLIVAN, WILLIAM
Rank: Private
Service No: 101732
Date of Death: 17/06/1940
Age: 36
Regiment/Service: Pioneer Corps, Aux. Mil.
Grave Reference: Grave 6.
Cemetery: STE. MARIE-DE-RE COMMUNAL CEMETERY, ILE DE RE
Additional Information:
Son of William and Esther Sullivan,
Husband of Mary Ellen Sullivan, of Manningham, Bradford, Yorkshire.
Headstone epitaph:
"We will always remember you
Although you lie
In a foreign grave".
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Saturday, 24 June, 2017  
Blogger ritsonvaljos said...

Acknowledgements

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Jaques Lefebvre-Linetzky

Cathie Fidler

W.R. Chorley, "RAF Bomber Command Losses of the Second World War"
(Vol. 3, 1942)
++++++++++++++

Sunday, 25 June, 2017  
Blogger ritsonvaljos said...

For further details about the troopship Lancastria, click on the following link to access the 'Lancastria Archive' website (in English and French):

Lancastria Archive (website)

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Sunday, 25 June, 2017  
Blogger LN said...

I visited this graveyard last week, looking for my grandfather's grave.I did not see the gravestones shown in the photos above. When trying to locate the graveyard, I asked how to find it in the tourist information office- they told me there were no gravestones, though they knew that there were some drowning casualties buried there.

I wonder if the gravestones have been removed since the photos shown on your site, or if I just didn't find them?

Sunday, 20 August, 2017  
Blogger Cathie said...

They can't have been removed! They are in the graveyard of Saint-Marie de Ré, quite close to its entrance, running parallel to the gate. I am having research done there to find out when the bodies were washed to these shores, but it seems difficult to have access to the information if ever it was written down somewhere in the village's archives. If and when I obtain it,I'll post it, of course.

Monday, 21 August, 2017  
Blogger Cathie said...

After further research at Sainte-Marie de Ré, thanks to Mme Delphine Chartier's efforts, here is further information concerning the dates when the bodies were washed ashore, and reported to the "mairie":

11 July 1940 : John Blain
11 July 1940: Sergent Leonard William Dyas
13 July 1940: William Sullivan
14 July 1940: Cyril George Warrall

Two other bodies were not identified. One was found as late as Novembre 5, 1940, the other on July 14, both in a state that could not permit identification.

If anyone wants more details or copy of the certificates, I'll be happy to oblige.

And of course, the graves are still there for those who want to pay their respects.

The deaths of the aviators were not recorded, however. Maybe they were, in another village on the island, and buried where there were already a few British soldiers. Maybe.



Tuesday, 29 August, 2017  
Blogger ritsonvaljos said...

This comment is just to clarify the number of official casualties recognised by the CWGC at this cemetery, which comes to a total of seven. These are the six casualties whose identities are known and whose names are listed by the Commission as being buried here, plus the unidentified British soldier whose body was found on the beach here on 14 July 1940.

There was insufficient evidence found at the time regarding the 'unidentified male' whose body was found by the local village 'Bobby' on 5 November 1940 to prove beyond doubt he was an Allied serviceman, although it seems more likely he was lost with the sinking of the Lancastria. Consequently he is not counted by the Commission as an official Allied war casualty at this cemetery. Nevertheless, he will be commemorated on a memorial elsewhere (i.e. for those with no known grave).

Looking at the official document obtained by Cathie and her friend at the Town Hall, unfortunately there is not enough evidence to submit a case to the CWGC asking them to include this man as an official war casualty for this cemetery. We shall have to remain content that he is "at rest" and "Known Unto God".

(Thanks to Cathie and her friend for the additional research and documents from the death register at the Town Hall).

Wednesday, 30 August, 2017  
Blogger LN said...

Thank you Cathie for the info- it is good to have the dates. My sister has since visited the graveyard and found my grandfather's grave without problems so all is well.

Saturday, 02 September, 2017  

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